BURNS, ARTHUR FRANK

BURNS, ARTHUR FRANK
BURNS, ARTHUR FRANK (1904–1987), U.S. economist. Born in Stanislau, Austria, Burns studied at Columbia University, New York, and then taught at Rutgers and Columbia. In 1930 he began a long association with the National Bureau of Economic Research, whose president he became in 1957. Burns served as a presidential adviser and was a member of numerous government bodies concerned with economic matters. From 1953 to 1956 (during the Eisenhower administration) he was chairman of the President's Council of Economic Advisers. In October 1969 Burns was named chairman of the Board of Governors of the U.S. Federal Reserve System by President Nixon, a position he held until 1978. Later on, he took a position at the American Enterprise Institute. He then served as an adviser to ronald reagan . From 1981 to 1985 Burns was the U.S. ambassador to the Federal Republic of Germany. His publications include Economic Research and the Keynesian Thinking of Our Times (1946), Measuring Business Cycles (with W.C. Mitchell; 1946), Stepping Stones Towards the Future (1947), The Cumulation of Economic Knowledge (1948), Production Trends in the United States since 1870 (1950), New Facts on Business Cycles (1950), Looking Forward (1951), Business Cycle Research and the Needs of Our Times (1953), Frontiers of Economic Knowledge (1954), Prosperity without Inflation (1957), The Business Cycle in a Changing World (1969), Reflections of an Economic Policy Maker (1978), The Anguish of Central Banking (1979), The Condition of the American Economy (1979), The Ongoing Revolution in American Banking (1988), Arthur Burns and the Successor Generation: Selected Writings of and about Arthur Burns (with Hans N. Tuch; 1988). (Joachim O. Ronall / Ruth Beloff (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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